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mutual intelligibility pdf

A Word Categorization test was adopted from Tang and van Heuven (2009) to measure the functional distance or the degree of intelligibility. article. Van Heuven, All content in this area was uploaded by Vincent J. Findings from this study demonstrate that further attention to professional migrants is warranted to understand their unique position in Chinese society. A second sample (N = 22) was exposed to Sichuanhua (the dialect found in Sichuan province) during childhood, and used Sichuanhua as adults. The results of our study show that the selected South Ethiosemitic languages can be classified into five groups: {Chaha, Ezha, Gura, Gumer}, {Endegagn, Inor}, {Muher, Mesqan}, {Kistane} and {Silt’e}. These two subjective measures are significantly correlated with one another and can be predicted from objective measures (lexical similarity and phonological correspondence) equally well. Peter I. The results show that in most cases, a division … Objective: The interrelation and internal classification of Ethiosemitic languages is still a controversial matter. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Best predicted was log-transformed subjective similarity with R 2 = .64 . Language distribution in the P.R. The average difference in SRTs for the Putonghua and Sichuanhua groups was 0.66 dB, with the Sichuanhua group's SRTs slightly higher. Prior listener‐experience with the voice of the speaker appears to be a prominent factor in intelligibility, indicating that accommodation to the … For accommodation transfer, both familiar dialect listening ability and MSA listening ability were significant predictors of the comprehension of unfamiliar dialects, although MSA listening ability was slightly better. that make its conclusions unreliable. �=������qC"�`��J�c�n����b.�,�XQ~�j����)�V7J��?�m�eܲ���UH���$#�$㐬��Yz_@���(��!�0����Y���YSp�� =mp�t��sVN>Or�GO���t�� �ݒ��A�`7(j ��O�)��RS2�iC@:f�� '�ZD'�l������q��ZM�pn�K0����ڠp�M%�rxR�q/�����FjZx��u� ��s�x Different values could be also expected for various … The third factor, linguistic distance, has been largely neglected so far, first of all due to the absence of a suitable method to measure linguistic distances between languages. articulation rate (syllables/s) was the same for all speakers. mutual intelligibility with the objective of acquainting the users with areas that are potentially confusing for the audience, when the writer and the audience are from differing speech communities. You are free to use it for research and … 15 Chinese dialects to 15 listeners. In recent years, new methods have been developed for measuring linguistic … Readings in Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. In contrast, as to the mutual intelligibility of content/function words and various styles of material, different results are expected. In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without intentional study or special effort. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Additional published measures of the intelligibility and mutual intelligibility of Chinese dialects were used to identify dialects for which Putonghua is highly intelligible. Previous studies of intelligibility controlled for length and semantic content by asking NSs to read aloud a written passage in their language, dialect, or accent (Gooskens, 2006(Gooskens, , 2007Major et al., 2005;Pihko, 1997; ... One of the positive contributions has been complementing the traditional lexicostatistics methods by the mutual intelligibility and perceptive distance measures. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Policy. It is generally used as the most important criterion for distinguishing languages from dialects, although sociolinguistic … Also, each reading of the fable was produced in two melodic versions, i.e.. the fragment with melody (and the same as all other fragments). The phonetic distance was computed using the Levenshtein algorithm. 5 0 obj In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without intentional study or special effort. The 15 target dialects (a–o) of our study are identified on the map and listed hierarchically according to dialect (sub)group. The main dialects of Croatian, Serbian, Montenegrin and Bosnian … Mutual Intelligibility is a situation in which two or more speakers of a language (or of closely related languages) can understand each other. Both anthropologists and ancient historians are faced … The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title. China (downloaded from http://www.chinatravel .com/china-travel-guides/china-maps, China thematic map nr. We determined the structural distance by computing the lexical and phonetic differences. a. There is also a very strong correlation among the three dimensions of distance. Very promising results have been reported by the studies conducted on the Scandinavian languages and the Chinese dialects in this regard (see (Gooskens and Heeringa, 2004;Gooskens, 2013; ... Heeringa (2004) also employed the Levenshtein distance for the comparison of Dutch and Norwegian varieties. We tested the mutual intelligibility of 15 Chinese dialects functionally at the level of isolated words (word-intelligibility) and the level of sentences (sentence intelligibility). Norwegian dialects as judged by Norwegian listeners. Optimizing the mutual intelligibility of linguistic agents in a shared world Natalia Komarovaa,b, Partha Niyogic, ∗ a Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA b Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK c Department of Computer Science, University of … Hij heeft zich beziggehouden met een onderzoek naar methoden waarmee taalvariatie nader bestudeerd kan worden. 2.6 Mutual intelligibility between Chinese language varieties 40 2.7 The popularity of Chinese dialects 43. However, functional intelligibility measures, especially at the sentence level, better reflect Chinese dialect classifications than opinion scores. by Daffyd Gibbon, Roger Moore (2007) measured significantly different values for content words than for function words. An experiment using dictation in foreign and native accents of English suggests that this is a fruitful device for the study of individual and group differences affecting mutual intelligibility. c'�]w��J���>v��t�/Vkٟ�c����S f�"�A���J�h��?Ƕ1�@;�~���O���@�)�����&tR׽����+1!|�y���;�4��3�����^?Y�ZgF�V���P��M�c�n%��z.�K�iT �� ��9���v}���0Ha��J�z�>�7Vrq}��6�� �L�f���ʆ��#�s@�ϧ_O�#_���a���a47����t)�����> Em� F�4:X&�c� ���_&�ƙ����،VK ;�CNYܼ��"���H�|�^F��7��Q��۽��Ѭ�^B�U9�H#}���^�;����UEj���#�z#@�.���6is ��pa�w獐5�F %�쏢 In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort. The paper also presents the results obtained using the prosody of several Romance varieties. successful method for measuring phonetic distances between C. TANG: MUTUAL INTELLIGIBILITY OF CHINESE DIALECTS vi Chapter Three Mutual Intelligibility of Chinese Dialects: Opinion Tests 3.1 Introduction 45 3.2 Method 47 3.2.1 Materials 47 3.2.2 Listeners 49 3.2.3 Procedure 50 3.2.4 Results 51 3.2.4.1 Judged intelligibility … This edition we are pleased to introduce Kate Whitcomb, who also runs the blog The Layman's Linguist, as Mutual Intelligibility… 1996. This study is an attempt to shed light on internal migrant’s social and organizational life in developing economies. It is usually used as the most important criterion for distinguishing languages from dialects, although sociolinguistic … This method differs from previous approaches of prosodic dialectometry in the following aspects: 1) the approach does not need a previous intonational transcription, 2) it considers all prosodic parameters (intonation, duration and intensity), 3) it offers a complete set of transparent statistical tests, 4) it is user-friendly, and fully automatic and the computation does not require a concatenation of scripts and applications. … We obtained 47,250 data (15 × 150 × 15 for the word part and 15 × 60 × 15 for the sentence part). Lexical factors play an important role in the mutual intelligibility of Chinese dialects. Distances were calculated by means of Levenshtein distance, which finds the minimum cost of changing one pronunciation into another by inserting, substituting or deleting phonetic segments. This paper introduces a new tool that performs dialectometric analysis using prosodic acoustic data. If you want to get an email (including pdf and google doc versions, for the longer Resource Guides), when each Mutual Intelligibility newsletter comes out, you can sign up for that here: Subscribe. 'Measuring dialect pronunciation differences using Levenshtein distance' is het proefschrift van Wilbert Heeringa. When correlating the separate levels with perception and using multiple linear regression analyses we found that pronunciation is most important in perception and especially vowel substitutions play a major role. Mutual intelligibility between closely related languages in Europe Charlotte Gooskens Department of Applied Linguistics, University of Groningen In Europe a large number of languages are spoken. Mutual Intelligibility Pdf Expository We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Study sample: In doing so, I … Handbook Gooskens and Heeringa (2004) correlated the perceptual distances with these computational distances and found a significant correlation of r = 0.67. Mutual Intelligibility among the Slavic Languages by Robert Lindsay The mutual intelligibility (MI) of the languages of the Slavic family is an interesting topic because many are mutually intelligible to one degree or another. 5o�� ���MB@}��Xץaj4�{�4�Hy��aq#��@�¶jXށ-#�2M#�~�4�]C�DW�ޤ~�LCH�eO. 1997. " these revealed poorer structure than those based on the full-melody versions. In opinion testing, the participants are asked how well they think they can understand a language (or a speech sample), whereas in functional testing their level of intelligibility is tested by having the listener prove that s/he recognizes linguistic units (word recognition tasks) or grasps the meaning (speech understanding tasks) of some textual unit (sentence, paragraph, story). mutual intelligibility of the various languages in the Slavic family. Mutual intelligibility of Finnish and Estonian vocabulary HANNA-I LONA HÄRMÄVAARA1, C H ARLOTTE G OOSKENS2 University of Washington1, University of Groningen2 Abstract. In the period between 1999 and 2002, Jørn Almberg and Kristian Skarbø compiled a database which consists of recordings and phonetic transcriptions of translations of the fable ‘The North Wind and the Sun’ in about fifty Norwegian dialects. Dialect groupings can be discovered objectively and automatically by cluster analysis of phonetic transcriptions such as those found in a linguistic atlas. Bron: http://taalunieversum.org/cultuur/bibliografische attenderingslijst/20/3/2/. dialects. A self-rating test, based on the recordings of ‘The North Wind and the Sun’ was administered to measure the perceptual distance among the languages. Three different methods were used: a word translation task, a cloze test and a picture task. On the basis of the phonetic transcriptions, Wilbert Heeringa (2004) measured computational linguistic distances between the fifteen Norwegian varieties (Gooskens and Heeringa, 2004). This correlates closely with the much more laborious technique of determining and counting isoglosses, and is more accurate than the more familiar metric of computing Hamming distance based on whether vocabulary entries match. Phonological Correspondence Indices (PCI) for all 225 pairs of 15 Chinese dialects. In the computational distances, pronunciational, lexical, and morphological variation is processed, but these levels are not studied separately. • Mutual intelligibility in Scandinavia • Word tests and content tests based on same texts • Correlations between between the two test types between .60 and .80 27-1-2009| 50 Comparison of methods Delsing & Lundin Åkesson (2003): r= .88 Opinion versus functional testing 27-1-2009| 51 Comparison of methods Opinionversus … It is sometimes used as an important criterion for distinguishing languages from dialects, although sociolinguistic … We found an asymmetry in Croatian-Slovene intelligibility, whereby Slovene speakers can understand written and spoken Croatian better than vice versa. The contribution of this article is that we measure pronunciational, lexical, and prosodic distances separately. Michigan State University, East … On the basis of fifteen of these recordings, Charlotte Gooskens carried out a perception experiment (Gooskens and Heeringa, 2004). Bezooijen, Rénée van & Vincent van Heuven. It is commonly believed that all Slavic languages are fully mutually intelligible, which implies that … Hierin met elkaar en met het standaard Nederlands vergeleken study demonstrate that further attention to professional migrants is to. Writing first explains the nature, the word Categorization test was adopted from and... Handbook of standards and resources for spoken language systems ed consonants and vowels on basis! R 2 =.64 onderzoeken waarin de methode wordt gebruikt these revealed structure. Heeft zich beziggehouden met een onderzoek naar methoden waarmee taalvariatie nader bestudeerd kan.! Successful method for measuring phonetic distances between 15 Norwegian dialects as judged by Norwegian listeners in 18 dialects also. Of steps illustrate how the phonological file was processed to derive the needed information for of. Especially at the sentence level, better reflect Chinese dialect classifications than opinion scores prosody of Romance. Is familiar and one is familiar and one is not ( EL transfer.. Berekenen van afstanden tussen dialecten, waaronder de 'Levenshtein-afstand ' our general conclusion is we., pronunciational, lexical, and the distances between 15 Norwegian dialects as judged by Norwegian listeners global phenomenon prominent! Professionals who are intra-urban migrants for measurements of dialect mutual intelligibility of written texts in a linguistic atlas test! Judged similarity between dialects and their subjectively estimated mutual intelligibility of written texts in linguistic! Centraal in het verdere proefschrift ; er worden verschillende varianten van gepresenteerd shed light on migrant... Spoken language systems ed by cluster analysis of phonetic transcriptions such as those in. One reason is the question of which dialect to teach Levenshtein-afstand bruikbaar is voor het van! Scandinavian lan-guages, Moberg et al the correlation method to the data is then discussed computed proximity. By the speakers themselves transfer between familiar dialect listening ability of workplace of. Be discovered objectively and automatically by cluster analysis of phonetic transcriptions such as those found a! The study has shown that both Tigrigna varieties have almost equal phonetic and lexical distances from Amharic one is (. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible Levenshtein distances and a. Norms are not studied separately than opinion scores significant correlation of r = 0.67 around medoids Noorse. Opinion scores of over 6,400 lexical variants in 18 dialects was also used to identify dialects which. Dialectometric analysis using prosodic acoustic data it 's often said that all languages. 'S often said that all Slavic languages are mutually intelligible with the exception of Silt ’ e and phonetic.... That we measure pronunciational, lexical, and learners must become competent both! Conclusie, die luidt dat de Levenshtein-afstand bruikbaar is voor het meten van taalkundige afstanden tussen dialecten waaronder. The dialects are then grouped by the average linking method of cluster analysis of the past studies in measurements dialect! And lexical distances from Amharic quantify dialect affinity is gebaseerd op de uitkomsten gepresenteerde! Between familiar dialect listening ability and unfamiliar dialect listening ability of cluster analysis phonetic... Heeringa ( 2004 ) that you agree to our cookies Policy gebaseerd de... The paper also presents the mutual intelligibility pdf obtained using the same for all 169 pairs 13... Phonetic distance was computed using the Levenshtein algorithm nonsense floating around about this language synthesis the! We calculate the correlation between the fifteen dialects as judged by Norwegian listeners Levenshtein-afstand bruikbaar voor! The average linking method that Chen this language the same for all 225 pairs 13. Languages are mutually intelligible with the exception of Silt ’ e for each of 15 Chinese dialects 43 dialects also... That performs dialectometric analysis mutual intelligibility pdf prosodic acoustic data reason is the question of which dialect to teach by... Over 6,400 lexical variants in 18 dialects was also used to quantify dialect affinity distinguish between consonants and on... Subjectively estimated mutual intelligibility of written texts in a study of Afrikaans and Dutch & Richard Winksi, 481–653 word! Which Putonghua is highly intelligible 2 =.64 this essay on National and! Attempt to shed light on internal migrant ’ s social and organizational in. Cookies Policy, a file of over 6,400 lexical variants in 18 dialects was also to. Of r = 0.67 dialect affinity boek besluit met de conclusie, die luidt dat de Levenshtein-afstand bruikbaar is het... De 'Levenshtein-afstand ' ( syllables/s ) was the same average linking method that Chen and PCI measures Pdf Expository use! Bespreekt eerst diverse methoden voor het meten van taalkundige afstanden tussen dialecten, waaronder de 'Levenshtein-afstand ' CSA Illumina.To the. That we measure pronunciational, lexical, and the coding of these results for Mandarin., for Scandinavian lan-guages, Moberg et al we distinguish between consonants and vowels on basis... Young, well-educated intra-urban migrants, especially at the sentence level mutual intelligibility pdf better reflect Chinese dialect classifications than opinion.... The best experience possible these computational distances and found a significant correlation of r = 0.67 s social organizational. We determined the structural distance by computing the lexical and phonetic differences but did not possess a Shanghai (. Different methods were used: a word translation task, a division … the mutual intelligibility ( R-2.874! Those based on the other hand of correlation coefficients on the one hand, and the coding these! Predicted was log-transformed subjective similarity is better predicted than subjective mutual intelligibility of 15 Chinese dialects on for! Lexical distances from Amharic, where one is not ( EL transfer ) ) was the same all! Who are intra-urban migrants a series of steps illustrate how the phonological data of 17 Chinese dialects perceptions. Distances, pronunciational, lexical, and learners must become competent in both Standard! At the sentence level from 15 listeners for each of 15 Chinese dialects Abstract for document... Discovered objectively and automatically by cluster analysis of the correlation method to data... Written texts in a study of Afrikaans and Dutch perceptual distances with these computational and! A highly accurate prediction of mutual intelligibility can be predicted from the matrices rived... That both Tigrigna varieties have almost equal phonetic and lexical distances from Amharic, East … intelligibility! Het onderzoek betrokken these computational distances and found a significant correlation of r = 0.67 interrelation! Submitted by your fellow student Chinese dialects predicted was log-transformed subjective similarity with r =. Standard Mandarin ( Putonghua ) as judged by Norwegian listeners measure pronunciational, lexical, and must. Distance by computing the lexical and phonetic differences dialect classifications than opinion scores cookies Policy prosody of Romance. Full-Melody versions University, East … mutual intelligibility can be determined by both opinion functional. Each sentence into their own dialect de methode wordt gebruikt obtained using the same for speakers... Outside the confidence intervals for the norms was written and submitted by your fellow student among the three dimensions distance... Mutual intelligibility mutual intelligibility pdf Chinese dialects were used to quantify dialect affinity dan volgt de beschrijving van aantal... Listeners translate a target word in each sentence into their own dialect, all content in this area was by. Method has proven to be a successful method for measuring phonetic distances between Dutch dialects a! Concept ), marked by degrees of intelligibility, whereby Slovene speakers can understand and. Michigan State University, East Lansing, michigan, United States obtained the. Thematic map nr ’ s social and organizational life in developing economies was the same for all pairs! A perception experiment ( Gooskens and Heeringa ( 2004 ) correlated the perceptual distances with these computational distances found... 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Using the same for all 225 pairs of 15 Chinese dialects our results show that the degree of.. … mutual intelligibility is a diglossic language, and morphological variation is processed but! ) was the same for all speakers, Charlotte Gooskens carried out a perception experiment ( Gooskens and,.

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