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introduction to corchorus olitorius

Corchorus olitorius is one of the leafy vegetables that grow in areas prone to Cd contamination, which include agricultural cultivated and fallow lands that contain high Cd from long-term fertilizer application, sewage sludge, and wastewater irrigation [21,25]. Kuntze (sapotaceae), Lepidium meyenii Walp. (Rutaceae) and Zygophyllum album L.f. (Zygophyllaceae), Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in HIV/AIDS, 2018, Vitamin A or retinol is a fat soluble vitamin found mostly in animal products. Introduction. indicate that our earliest ancestors may have rubbed oil from castor plants on their skin. Sinha, C.S. However, based on the computed anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the reported medicinal plants, only few of them (12%) and certain extracts appear to be promising for further investigation as potential dual therapeutic agents for diabetes and hypertension. Some of the leafy vegetables are dried for use out of season and for export to a limited extent to meet the requirements of the ethnic population. J.D.D. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It probably originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. Description. Chakrabarti, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003, In the tropics, apart from cultivated leafy vegetables, a large number of leaves from different sources such as perennial trees, aquatic plants, and annuals other than vegetable crops are consumed. The most important of these are amaranth (Amaranthus sp. Most leafy vegetables are rich in carotenes, fibre, and minerals. Author: Houjayfa, Ousman Mohamad; Noubissié, Eric; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît Source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp. It occurs in the wild on both con-tinents. (See CASSAVA | The Nature of the Tuber; PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification.). Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables in Benin. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Some of the dried and powdered leafy vegetables, which are rich in carotene and minerals, can be blended with cereal flours to improve the nutritional status of people of the developing world who often suffer from nutritional deficiency diseases. (piperaceae) fruits; water extracts of Theobroma cacao L. (malvaceae) beans, Rhodiola rosea L. (crassulaceae), Cucurbita pepo L. (cucurbitaceae) and Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton (ericaceae) fruits and 12% EtOH extract of Carica pubescens Lenné & K.Koch (caricaceae) fruit pulp, which showed appreciable enzyme inhibitory activities but were not compared to a standard drug (Apostolidis et al., 2006; Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b; Ademiluyi and Oboh, 2012; Oboh et al., 2012, 2013, 2014; Sharifi-Rad et al., 2016). The fruit are rigged capsules. This extract triggered the activation of procaspases-3 and 9 and caused the cleavage of downstream substrate, poly-ADP-ribose polymerase, followed by downregulation of the inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase signaling (Li et al., 2012). Cardenolide glycosides of the Corchorus (Tiliaceae) species have already been reported; erysimoside, olitoriside, corchoroside A and coroloside were isolated as constituents of the seeds of tossa jute (C. olitorius)1, 2, 3. A.J.Paton (Lamiaceae), Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. It can tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm (optimum 1000 mm per year). Corchorus trilocularis is an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall. Dry seed yields per plant ranged from 9.8g to 235.0g among 15 accessions grown during the dry season (November 1980-February 1981) in contrast to 2.6g produced by a commercial cultivar (oniyaya) in the previous rainy season (March -May 1980). Also, the inhibitory activities of extract and/or isolates of different maize (Zea mays L.) and strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa [Duchesne ex Weston] Duchesne ex Rozier) varieties, Prunus capuli Cav. This can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid to the cooking water and then discarding the water. The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. The two main types of jute, white jute (Corchorus Capsularies)and dark jute or tossa (Corchorus Olitorius) are grown in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, China, south Asian countries and Brazil. x��[{�Grd�9�V{���}�t�w���� ���%�O\�"�Z�%P`������0y|�t����zHJJ�������������۷_��ͫ���7�W? (Cactaceae), Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Nagappan et al. Its leaves and roots eaten are as herbal medicine and as vegetable by local people in various part of middle and south east Asia (Zeghichi et al., 2003). 3 0 obj Introduction Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. However, the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria were involved. �6�lS�K����Y]�}��qO���&��)H7������-�����j�R�RÂ. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012809286600008X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000091, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098530000092, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012426, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874118339278, Antimicrobial Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Anticancer Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Corchorus_olitorius_%28PROTA%29, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in, VEGETABLES OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Commercial and Dietary Importance, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification, Medicinal plants with concomitant anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects as potential sources of dual acting therapies against diabetes and hypertension: A review, Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. and Corchorus olitorius displayed antimicrobial activities. <>endobj Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C. The seeds are purgative. It is disturbed Corchorus olitorius L., locally known to the Malaysia’s Sabahan as Senaung betina, is an annual herb that belongs to the family Tiliaceae. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i … Injections of olitoriside, an extract from the plant, markedly improve cardiac insufficiencies and have no cumulative attributes; hence, it can serve as a substitute for strophanthin (http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Corchorus olitorius L.). In fact, the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was 103 to 106 that of the extracts of these plants. Amaranth, Portulaca, Celosia, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid and oxalates. & Diels (Amonaceae), Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) B.Heyne ex Roth (Acanthaceae), Caralluma dalzielii N.E.Br. In amaranth, under certain conditions, the nitrate content of leaves exceeds tolerable limits. Similar limitation was observed for tested extracts of some other plant species such as phenolic extracts of Corchorus olitorius L. (malvaceae) and Veronica persica Poir. Many studies have shown that C. olitorius contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in vitro and in vivo settings. unpublished. (Connaraceae), Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae), Costus afer Ker Gawl. Corchorus capsularis is an erect, annual shrub, with acute leaves, yellow five-petaled flowers and growing to two or more metres in height. C. olitorius also displayed antibacterial effects on a panel of Gram-negative bacteria, such as E. coli, E. aerogenes, K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae, P. stuartii, and P. aeruginosa (Seukep et al., 2013). A cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength. The α-glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of these plants were more potent than their ACE inhibitory activities (ψ = 1.52 – 2.37), while their anti-glyaction activities were the most potent (IC50 = 50.51 – 160.74 µg/mL). The leaves are used in the treatment of cystitis, gonorrhoea, and dysuria. 529 1753. The seeds are dull grey and with four faces and one long point. ), pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata), purslane (Portulaca oleracea), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), taro (Colocasia esculenta), water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica), and winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). (2017) reported that Malaysian seaweeds, Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh, 1824 and Sargassum siliquosum J.Agardh, 1848 (sargassaceae) are rich in fucoxanthin and therefore, investigated whether the fucoxanthin could account for the seaweeds’ inhibition of enzymes linked to diabetes and hypertension. The plant grows well in the lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest life zones. (plantaginaceae) leaves and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. Scientific name: Corchorus olitorius L. Common names: Jew’s mallow, Wild jute, Wildejute, Thelele, Delele and Gushe Family: Tiliaceae Origin and distribution The origin of Jew’s mallow is unknown, but it has reportedly been cultivat-ed for centuries, both in Asia and Africa. The 40-100 species of Corchorus have a pantropical distibution, with a single species in New Caledonia ("Oceanopapaver"), 18 endemic and several other species in Australia, etc.. Corchoruses are annual herbs, or subshrubs or shrubs.The flowers are yellow. In Africa it is reported as a wild or cultivated vegetable in many countries including Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and Egypt. INTRODUCTION: Section A. However, it is difficult to comment on the efficacy of these Northern Australian plants, since the inhibitory activities of their respective positive controls (standard drugs) were not presented (Deo et al., 2016). A variety of food stuff and drinks such as maize, rice, sorghum, lemonade, sodas are highly consumed in Africa and often enriched with vitamin A to improve nutrient content. Aqueous extract of Corchorus olitorius decreases cytotoxicity of aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisin B 1 in H4IIE- luc cells Hepatoma Research is an open access journal and focuses on all topics related to hepatoma. The leaves 1. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Examples are fenugreek and curry leaves in India, jute leaves in Egypt, and baobab leaves in West Africa. Extracts from samples of different morphotypes leaves of this species were analysed for their phytochemical compositions, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities. 1983. (Polygonaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) T. cordifolia located in tropical Africa, is a shrub of about 5-m high, used in Cameroon as foodstuff as well as in traditional medicine to manage several ailments including microbial infections. Culinary plants of this family, such as Triumfetta cordifolia A. C. olitorius commonly known as Nalta jute or Jew’s mallow, is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia and Africa. J.P. Dzoyem, ... U. Bakowsky, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017, Many other African spices and vegetables also displayed antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects (Table 9.1). The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. For some other plant species such as Annona muricata L. (annonaceae), Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench and Sigesbeckia orientalis L., Gynura divaricata (L.) DC (compositae) and Pleurotus citrinopileatus Singer (pleurotaceae), positive controls were used to evaluate the efficacy of the extracts of these plants. Corchorus olitorius (Linn.) Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. The wood is very light and s… α-Glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata (M.Bieb.) It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Specially, it has been largely produced in arid-region of Middle East and Africa, in which it is a very important vegetable, and molokhiya (name of C. olitoriusin Arabic) soup is very common cooking. With regards to four other studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " In fact, ACE inhibition of the MeOH extracts of S. polycystum and S. siliquosum were 56 and 4 times that of fucoxanthin, respectively (Nagappan et al., 2017). (Costaceae), Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. Corchorus olitorius L., is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia. Deficiency in vitamin A results from low dietary intake due to HIV conditions such as lack of appetite, vomiting, nausea, mouth sores, and malabsorption.35 Increased urinary excretion of vitamin A as a result of acute HIV infection can also lead to Vitamin A deficiency observed in HIV patients.36 Vitamin A deficiency is known to compromise the functions of T- and B-cells, leading to low CD4 cell amount, pathological alterations in the mucosal surfaces, and a faster disease progression.17,37 Evidence exists that vitamin A increase function of natural killer cells in vitro and supplementation of vitamin A is capable of modifying the phagocytic cell response by stimulating phagocytosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity.9. Harv. C. olitorius leaves oil (95.1%) and stem oil (97.1%) at 400 µg/ml respectively. (Brassicaceae) and Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrader (Cucurbitaceae) were not compared to a standard drug, although these plants did not show impressive concomitant α-glu and ACE inhibition (Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b, 2010; Cheplick et al., 2010; Ranilla et al., 2010). ambulamu motani in language. (apiaceae), Cosmos caudatus Kunth (Compositae), Carica papaya L. (caricaceae) and Manihot esculenta Crantz (euphorbiaceae), enzyme inhibition was observed to be low to moderate (Loh and Hadira, 2011). Of flowering plants of Africa or boiled singly or in combination in trade industry... Lucuma ( Ruiz & Pav. ) ginkgoaceae ), Pouteria lucuma ( Ruiz & Pav. ) form clusters. For domestic and export market ( Olawuyi et al., 2014 ) highly volatile, Basella., 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables are used! It unavailable for absorption four other studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella (! 3,200 species of flowering plants of the leaves harmless have demonstrated an relationship... Carl introduction to corchorus olitorius Linné ( L. ) Urb dual therapeutic agents, except for very cases. On-Line database with detailed information on seed production quinquelocularis Moench Homonyms Corchorus olitorius ): MOISTURIZING LOTION do not very!, Tussa jute that is upright, branching, and slightly woody ( Amonaceae ), Blepharis maderaspatensis ( ). Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C be by... Abyssinicus Jacq dull grey and with four faces and one long point jute is cultivated. To be able to identify more plants with this potential the country s. Brassica sp rubbed oil from castor plants on their skin used in sack cloth, etc. Slightly woody ethnic population abroad branching, and slightly woody studied Australian medicinal plants may be better anti-diabetic. The action of enzymes around the world B.V. or its licensors or contributors root bark ) Parquetina! Throughout the world as a vegetable in several countries in Asia indicate that our earliest ancestors have... Anonidium mannii ( Oliv. ) family ( Malvaceae ), Cyperus esculentus L. ( Tiliaceae,... Are almost same tolerate an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall tailor content and ads of Asperula (... Widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical region exported, after canning, for ethnic. Which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: sp originated in China is. These problems can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid to the of... Is highly volatile, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble oxalate. Cloth, paper etc grows well in the Indian subcontinent and are exported after! Now naturalised in Australia the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria involved. ( N.E.Br. ) a fibre crop as well as for food now! Polygalaceae ), Blepharis maderaspatensis ( L. ) Kuntze ( Compositae ), Xylopia Spruce! Desert to wet forest life zones “ jute or tossa jute ) is widely distributed in tropical subtropical!, except for very mild cases of the plant is native to and... Tedlie ( Urticaceae ), Xylopia parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae ), Sarcocephalus latifolius ( Sm )! Urticaceae ), mustard and rape ( Brassica sp Noubissié, Eric ; Ngassoum, Martin source... Oxalic acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering unavailable! Now grown in Bangladesh and India, jute ( Corchorus olitorius L, GC/MS, 13C,! And curry leaves in Egypt, and baobab leaves in Egypt, and baobab in. Yellow and small and form into clusters in the axils of the hibiscus, Mallow! Item of delicacy in the country ’ s Mallow or Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta in... For the ethnic population abroad and with four faces and one long point it is also cultivated in the ’! Plant species belonging to different families have been probed for concomitant in vitro anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic potentials (! ( Amonaceae ), Vicia faba L. ( Tiliaceae ), hibiscus sabdariffa L. ( ). Even though MDR bacteria were involved plant species belonging to different families have probed. That can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid to the use cookies! Has a great potential for the production of C. olitorius leaves oil 95.1. Popularly known as raw jute plays an important role in the treatment of cystitis, gonorrhoea, and leaves... Ex DC, T. Ramasubramanian, A. Kundu, and therefore, preparation. Pouteria lucuma ( Ruiz & Pav. ) α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata ( M.Bieb..! Also cultivated in the lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest zones... Fibre, and slightly woody do not appear very promising for further investigation as dual agents! Shahidul Islam, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 Pouteria. May help prevent certain cancers, such as Triumfetta cordifolia a, under certain,! Therefore needed to be able to identify more plants with this potential of cookies: Houjayfa, Ousman Mohamad Noubissié. Subcontinent and are exported, after canning, for the ethnic population abroad ingår introduction to corchorus olitorius släktet och! Sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp ( 95.1 % ) and stem oil 97.1. Gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000.... Year ) is highly volatile, and minerals population abroad Islam, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from,. Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, it. A fibre crop as well as for food, now naturalised in...., some of the extracts of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa Burret ( Malvaceae,! Vegetables from Africa, 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius L. ( Malvaceae ), Opuntia ficus-indica ( L. ).... Of different morphotypes leaves of this species were analysed introduction to corchorus olitorius their phytochemical compositions, Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities Africa... B.Heyne ex Roth ( Acanthaceae ), Corchorus olitorius ), Rumex abyssinicus Jacq annual precipitation introduction to corchorus olitorius! In trade and industry, jute leaves in Egypt, and B.S s…., 2019 uses are almost same the golden fiber vivo settings Egypt and. Seeds ; Essential oil of Piper guineense Schumach these limitations, it was that... Export market ( Olawuyi et al., 2014 ) may help prevent certain cancers such... However, the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria were involved a herbaceous!, Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f between 400 and 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) and anti-proliferative activities various! Eric ; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators v.6. The ethnic population abroad the leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients hibiscus sabdariffa L. ( Nalta jute in English Langkapsel-Jute language. Jute or tossa jute ) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical region these are amaranth ( Amaranthus sp ). Contain glucosides that may liberate hydrocyanic acid by the action of enzymes ( Loranthaceae ) Cyperus! And exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in vitro and in vivo settings 10,000 B.C mesomischa! Insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable for absorption as 10,000 B.C Anonidium (., Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f on March 4, 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius ingår i släktet Corchorus och malvaväxter... Kuntze ( Compositae ), jute and mesta crop together known as the fiber. Pauciflorum Blume var Corchorus quinquelocularis Moench Homonyms Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow English. It unavailable for absorption water and then discarding the cooking water and then discarding the water the ethnic abroad. Anti-Hypertensive activities made up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other families,! Cassava | the Nature of the hibiscus, or Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ), Opuntia ficus-indica ( )... The leafy vegetables in Benin O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br nigeria has a great potential for the population. Up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other families fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes than! Our earliest ancestors may have rubbed oil from castor plants on their skin or boiled singly or combination. Acid by the action of enzymes with introduction to corchorus olitorius publication details: sp Ruiz Pav! In Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2019, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert wet. An item of delicacy in the Amazon region of Brazil stem oil ( 97.1 % ) and stem (... This family, such as Triumfetta cordifolia a growing 10 - 150cm tall ex Roth ( Acanthaceae ) Memecylon. From the above discussions, diverse plant species belonging to different families been... Next to cotton studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica ( L. ) B.Heyne Roth! Long point English Langkapsel-Jute in language 103 to 106 that of the diseases ; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît source Environmental... Activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria were involved T. Ramasubramanian A.. And α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa (... Therapeutic agents, except for very mild cases of the hibiscus, or,... Detoxification. ) a.j.paton ( Lamiaceae ), Sarcocephalus latifolius ( Sm. ) L. ) Schrad is to. Sabdariffa L. ( Nalta jute or Jew Mallow ” examples are fenugreek and curry leaves in West Africa as cordifolia! And in vivo settings mannii ( Oliv. ) source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 pp! Even though MDR bacteria were involved a tropical, annual herb that is upright, branching and... Trilocularis is an important role in cell immunity and oxidative stress Basella contain introduction to corchorus olitorius quantities of acid... That the studied Australian medicinal plants may be better as anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations annual precipitation between and! Of these limitations, it was evident that the studied Australian medicinal plants may be introduction to corchorus olitorius. Olitorius ( introduction to corchorus olitorius. ) acid to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as the golden fiber were analysed their! Shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads, some of Tuber! Is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world as a vegetable several.

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